Shared mobility is a term used to describe any transportation service that is shared by users. The concept has grown significantly in recent years due to rapid changes in the availability of digital information and smartphone-based mobility apps, a rising cost of living in urban centres and public interest in sustainable lifestyles. In the context of New Mobility, sharing can create much more efficient patterns of network use at costs that are less than private car ownership. A greater degree of shared use also offers significant place-making benefits for cities and rural centres.
A Concept in Perpetual Motion
The fundamental principle of shared use is that all users are able to access suitable vehicles on a short-term basis. Mobility as a Service, or MaaS, has commercialized the shared mobility concept for personal travel and the shipment of goods.
Globally, the concept has evolved from bike-sharing schemes, now numbering more than 750 worldwide, to pay-as-you-go travel via services such as Uber. Trends in car clubs and fractional vehicle ownership also continue to gain momentum under the sharing umbrella.