“Technology has advanced so rapidly over the last 15 years that security issues may have been overlooked. In Sweden, the fibre infrastructure is now deployed to 60-70% of all households and businesses, and 4G mobile network to more than 95%. Most domestic networks are currently used for internet access and television, but applications are now being developed for a myriad of new services which are making our world smarter by the day.”

“For example, the digitization of healthcare – known as e-health – is helping improve the efficiency of home care for the sick and elderly. Alarms, mobile applications to remind patients to take their medication or measure their pulse or blood pressure, electronic locks or even 24-hour camera monitoring can offer people greater independence living in their own homes.  Through the internet of things, society is becoming more connected all the time.”

“Digitization and automation of infrastructure and vital public services is leading to smart power grids and water supply networks, district heating, smart transport systems with driverless cars and countless other innovations that are making our homes, towns and cities more efficient and more sustainable from an economic, ecologic and environmental perspective.”

“All these developments are leading to an explosion in the number of sensors required to measure, monitor and control in different applications. According to Cisco, one of the world’s largest manufacturers of network equipment, there are already around five billion sensors in the world connecting buildings, railways, roads, hospitals, homes and so on. And that figure will increase exponentially, leading to trillions of sensors being installed for various purposes over the next five years.”