Bridge No. 9 Over The Chambly Canal

Designated a site of national historic importance in 1929, the Chambly canal is part of Canada’s network of historic canals. This project consisted of replacing bridge No. 9 with a new one.


Location

  • Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Québec, Canada

Sector

Service

  • Bridge Planning
  • Bridge Design
  • Asset Management For Bridges
  • (View all)

Client

  • Parks Canada Agency

Project Status

  • Complete

Awards

  • Canadian Institute of Steel Construction - Award for Quebec’s Best Steel Project, 2012

Designing and Building a New Bridge over the Historic Chambly Canal

The Chambly Canal has been considered a national historic landmark since 1929. This waterway, located along the Richelieu River in the Montérégie region of Quebec, links Lake Champlain and the Chambly Basin. With 10 bridges and 9 locks, the site is now ideal for navigation and various tourist activities. Boats, cars, bikes and pedestrians can be seen travelling along the canal year-round.

When the Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) mandated WSP to replace the No. 09 Bridge, - the oldest bridge to cross the canal – WSP’s team could not have imagined how big of a challenge they were going to face. Likewise, the team had no idea that they would need to step out of their professional comfort zone like never before.

This project consisted of designing and building a new bridge over the Chambly Canal as a replacement for bridge No. 9, which had reached the end of its useful life. The team had to tackle and resolve the complexities inherent in designing a new type of bridge in a very reduced space, while protecting the natural environment and maintaining navigation on the canal.

Tonnes of steel
250
Vehicles per day
5,000
Boats per day
25

First time magic

In August 2009, after reflecting on the five submitted concepts, PWGSC chose the boldest of designs, to everyone's surprise. The selected design was the only one never yet experimented by WSP: a drawbridge using hydraulic cylinders. At the time, while WSP’s Transportation team had sound expertise in fixed bridges of all sizes, the group had never undertaken the design of such a drawbridge.

Shortly after the start of the design phase, many questions were still left unanswered; Tony Mailhot took advantage of this time to further contemplate the bridge design. The engineer, drawing on 15 years of experience at the time, pulled away to draw the bridge structure's elements. It was essential for him to position the various elements properly within the restricted area in order to ensure their functionality, whilst defining a harmonious and structurally appropriate geometry. A number of preliminary calculations enabled the geometry to take shape. This was followed by the required structural and mechanical analyses. "The design process lasted two or three nights. The work then carried on with my team, based on a well-defined geometry and operating method," revealed the project manager. His perseverant approach actually led to a new trajectory and mechanical balance equations, which ultimately enabled WSP to conduct compelling research and obtain development grants.

 

A Unique Swing and Moveable Bridge

For a drawbridge even more so than for a fixed bridge, the design process stages must be addressed with as much precision as possible. Bridge No.09 arching over the Chambly Canal has become a unique project thanks to its forward-thinking operating principle and hoist system. Its unique and celebrated geometry is a result of the confined space in which it had to deploy. Both for the client and WSP, altering the geometry of nearby roads and forcing expropriation to build the new bridge were never an option.

From a more technical point of view, the bridge should ideally have been able to open vertically so as to remain in its original axis. This is why WSP naturally opted for the idea of a weighbridge with two rotation points, fitted with a counterweight. Although this technique is still seldom used on our side of the world, it soon caught on for its flexibility to allow construction to occur in a limited amount of space. Bridge No.09 of the Chambly Canal is the first of its kind in North America.

We decided on a bascule bridge concept, in which movement is activated by means of hydraulic cylinders. The services we provided were the plans and specifications; work supervision; coordination; site monitoring; bridge engineering; hydraulics; instrumentation, automation and controls; road engineering; electrical engineering and 3D visual simulations.

The structure is 100% steel and was honoured at the Canadian Institute of Steel Construction’s 2012 awards for Quebec’s best steel projects. It will offer current and future generations an overview of the technical achievements associated with our era, while preserving the commemorative integrity of this historic site.