Makkah and Madinah

To support the comprehensive master plan, we delivered an interactive GIS-enabled long-term mapping tool, a land use database, visual data representation to facilitate the illustration of transport policies. We also provided analysis of current and future environmental and land use patterns, utility location, emergency routes, and other transportation priorities. All the quantitative analysis for the Comprehensive Plan was entirely developed within the GIS environment.


  • Mekka and Madina, Hedjaz, Saudi Arabia


  • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Municipalities and Rural Affairs, Development Commission of Makkah Almukarama and Almashear Almuqaddasa (Makkah and Mashear), Madinah Development Authority

Project Value

  • Multi-Million

Project Status

  • Complete


  • Moriyama & Teshima Architects

Urbanization Pressures

For five years, WSP, in partnership with Moriyama & Teshima Architects, developed Comprehensive City Plans for Makkah & Mashaer and Madinah for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. Makkah & Mashaer and Madinah serve as the spiritual capitals of the Islamic world and these holy cities face urbanization pressures with rapid population growth demands. Their permanent populations are projected to more than double within the next 30 years, compounded with growing numbers of visitors. Existing conditions include aging infrastructure, limited land resources, and sensitive design features.


The Approach

A 30 year plan was developed for infrastructure, transportation, community facilities and land use planning. The GIS system was used to create the existing conditions of the cities and the condition in five year increments projecting out 30 years. These 30 year extrapolations were based on the planned development projects, population density and predicted increases in the permanent population and visitors to the City. These forecasted conditions were the base for predicting where growth would occur in the cities, where upgrades and redevelopment would need to take place and where in the cities growth and development would be restricted. In total, 78 models were developed for various disciplines to test growth patterns, usage loads and movement patterns. Generation of this data helped to guide and shape the resulting comprehensive plan.

Maps Produced
Population of Makkah & Madinah
3.5 Million
Visitors Annually
15 million